Any individual who believes he or she has suffered a personal injury resulting from dental treatment can file a malpractice claim against the provider of that treatment and the organization for which the provider works. The claim must be filed within the statute of limitations of the date of the alleged incident or from the patient's knowledge of the alleged injury (this period of time varies from state to state and sometimes depends on the type of injury alleged; statutes of limitations tend to range from 1 to 4 years). The insurance carrier of the oral health professional and/or the health care organization will investigate the claim to determine its merit. If the claim is considered meritorious, settlement negotiations will usually be initiated. If the insurance provider believes there is no liability on the part of the oral health professional, the claimant will be notified. At that time, the claim may be taken to court for a legal decision.